The Remarkable Black Orthodox Saints Icon in Milies Pelion

If you love religious subjects, especially those related to the Greek Orthodox Church, you may have wondered if there are any black Orthodox Saints. I had no idea either until I visited picturesque Milies in the Pelion Peninsula, in central Greece.

Greece is predominantly a religious country, with Greek Orthodox churches and monasteries on every corner. The most famous and well-known Greek Orthodox monasteries are the large complexes of Mount Athos and the Meteora Monasteries.

This image depicts a person standing in front of a yellow building with green doors. The individual is wearing a checkered shirt and black pants, pointing towards a sign on the building that displays Greek text. The building appears to be a station, indicated by the prominent station sign "ΜΗΛΕΑΙ" and a timetable. The wall's vibrant yellow color contrasts with the white trim around the doors and windows. The person in the image seems happy and engaged, adding a lively touch to the sce
Milies in Pelion Mt

However, tucked away in the ancient Agioi Taxiarhes Pammegiston Church in Milies, Pelion Mt., lies a rare icon depicting Saint Moses and Saint Barbaros, two Ethiopian Orthodox saints. Black Orthodox saints are not common in the Greek Church. Historically, Greece has maintained a strong religious connection with Ethiopia spanning centuries, a bond that persists to this day.

60% of Ethiopia’s population are Christians and most of them are Coptic Orthodox Christians. Coptic means “Egyptian” and they originate from Alexandria.

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Who were the Two Black Orthodox Saints?

Saint Moses the Ethiopian

This image is an iconographic depiction of Saint Moses the Ethiopian, also known as Moses the Black. He is shown with a halo signifying his sainthood. Saint Moses has dark skin, white curly hair, and a beard. He is dressed in traditional monastic garb with a brown cloak over a black robe, adorned with red crosses. His right hand is raised in a gesture of blessing or teaching, while his left hand holds a scroll. The background is plain, emphasizing his figure, and the text in the image reads "Our Venerable Father Moses the Ethiopian."
St. Moses the Ethiopian

St. Moses the Ethiopian (330-405 AD) was sold as a slave to a rich landowner but he was expelled from the property because of a murder he committed. Soon after St. Moses, the Ethiopian became the leader of a gang of bandits who committed numerous robberies and murders. The authorities were chasing them relentlessly so he sought refuge in a monastery near Alexandria.

This image is a fresco depicting three saints with halos. The central figure is Saint Moses the Ethiopian, who has dark skin and white hair, wearing a brown cloak and black robe. His halo is a gold circle, symbolizing his sainthood. To the right of Moses is another saint, similarly depicted with dark skin and a gold halo, dressed in red and black robes. Both figures have their right hands raised, holding crosses, and their left hands in a gesture or holding objects. The background is blue with a gold lower section. Greek inscriptions above the saints identify them. The fresco has a weathered, ancient appearance.
Saint Moses and Saint Barbaros in Milies Pelion Greece

In the monastery, he was intrigued by the sermons of the monks and was soon overwhelmed by the great piety of the monastic community and begged them to allow him to join. The sermon of the Christ and monks’ piety made a radical change in his character and he was soon baptized and became a Christian. Later on, the Orthodox Church made him a Presbyter.

He spent his entire life feeling repentance for his crimes and living a humble and pious life. He was violently killed by a band of robbers when he was 75 years old and soon after the Orthodox Church declared him a Saint.

Black Orthodox Saint Barbaros the Ethiopian

St. Barbaros was born 500 years later than St. Moses but he shares a similar life story. He was born in 800 AD in Egypt to Ethiopian parents who were possibly Christians.

When he was still quite young he became a member of a pirate band that somehow arrived in the Greek area of Akarnania slaughtering and destroying everything. At the Xiromero village, there was a big battle between the pirates and the locals. The locals killed all the pirates except St. Barbaros who escaped and survived by hiding in the vineyards.

One day St. Barbaros reached a church where he witnessed a miracle and this changed his whole life. He was later baptized Christian and lived as a monk in a nearby cave. He was accidentally killed by a group of hunters who thought he was a wild animal. St. Barbaros was later declared a saint by the Orthodox Church.

Where is the Icon of the Black Orthodox Saints?

The rare Icon is housed along with other 300 Icons depicting Saints not widely known in the Greek Orthodox Church in a historical church called Agioi Taxiarches Pammegiston, in Milies village in Pelion Mt.

 Credit: Wikipedia Creative Commons

We don’t know when exactly the beautiful and historic Agioi Taxiarches church was built. We do know, however, that it was renovated in 1741, and the remarkable post-Byzantine religious paintings were revealed in their full splendor.

Agioi Taxiarches is a special and unique Greek Orthodox church built in such a way that at first glance doesn’t look like a usual Byzantine-style Greek church. The reason behind that was that during the Ottoman occupation of Greece, Greeks were trying to keep their churches as invisible as possible.

There are no windows only small openings high in the walls so that it looks more like a shed rather than a Greek church.

Black orthodox Saints pammegiston taxiarxon iconostasis.
Iconostasis of Taxiarxhis Church

The church is notorious for its excellent acoustics, its unique frescoes, and the rare Greek Orthodox icons such as:

  • The 2 Black Orthodox Saints
  • Christ fights against the Devil
  • A very rare human life cycle with astrological depictions or Rota Fortunae.
  • Saint Christopher in the shape of a sheep
  • The exquisite wood-carved iconostasis made of linden wood and covered with gold leaf depicts, embroidered and “embroidered” on it, representations and scenes from Noah’s ark, animals, and birds of Africa.

The Agioi Taxiarches Pammegistoi Church can be easily found on the main square of Milies village in Mount Pelion.

How did the Ethiopians become Christians?

Froumentius, a Greek-Phoenician merchant, went to Ethiopia in 320 AD and preached Christianity to the locals. He translated the Scripts into their native language and traveled incessantly all over Ethiopia talking to the locals about Christ. He was nominated a Saint by the Orthodox Coptic Church right after his peaceful death in 383 AD.

What to Do in Milies Village

Central square with trees and many tables and chairs and plants in Milies Village Greece.
Milies Village

The old stories mention that Milies village was built deep in the forest and high on the Pelion mountain so that the Pelion villagers escape from the constant pirate raids. The view of the surrounding areas is gorgeous.

Steam train in Milies Pelion on a bridge taken from a drone in Pelion Greece.
Milies – Ano Lechonia train

Milies, besides being a beautiful place to visit, is also famous for its old gorge train “Moutzouris” which connects Milies with Ano Lechonia village. (Just like the other famous gorge train in Kalavryta Peloponnese)

For general info on the train and ticket purchase for Milies – Lechonia check out the official website of the train here. From the train station, you can hike the 2-3 km to Milies using a narrow cobblestone trail.

Milies Library with stairs with a tree an a person in Pelion Greece.
Entrance to the Library

If you like old books and artifacts pay a visit to the “Old Library” in Milies, which is home to a huge number of old artifacts, books, and maps.

Have a coffee at one of the most famous cafe bars in all of Pelion the “Anna, Here’s an Apple. It has special decoration with old Greek advertisements (Olympic Airways, Papadopoulos Biscuits, etc.), as well as of Elvis Presley. Don’t miss trying their mouth-watering apple pie!

You can always take a day trip to nearby Damouchari, Mamma Mia’s Location!

Where Best to Stay in Milies Pelion Mt

Some tables an chairs in a balcony with view to the sea in Iliovolo Guesthouse Terrace in Pelion Greece.
Iliovolo Guesthouse Terrace

Iliovolo Guesthouse (3-star, family-friendly, great breakfast): A lovely hotel, 15 minutes from the Pelion beaches, with fantastic views, perfectly clean rooms, and the personal touch of a family-run hotel.

How to Get to Milies

Milies is 357 km north of Athens, with an easy highway drive to the large city of Volos, which sits on the foot of the Pelion Mt. After Volos, and towards its first large village Portaria, the road gets narrower with turns, and changes in altitude until you get to Milies.

A beautiful view to Volos and a house surrounded with trees in Pelion Greece.
Pelion with views to Volos

Pelion Greece is an ideal summer vacation destination as both its western and eastern areas face the Aegean Sea with wonderful beaches to choose from.

A rocky beach with many people swimming in a sunny day in Mylopotamos beach in Pelion Greece.
Mylopotamos Beach in Pelion
A Greek Church with many trees and three people in Tsagarada Village Pelion Greece.
Tsagarada village Pelion

Pelion Mount’s highest peak is at 1624 m. It is also perfect for a winter vacation as it has forested mountains, ski resorts, and amazing accommodation opportunities with fireplaces.

There is a well-organized ski center in the Agriolefkes with four slopes for downhill skiing, aerial lifts, and a nice resort for overnight accommodation.


There are more than 25 stunningly beautiful villages on Mount Pelion surrounded by green landscapes, and crystal clear springs, built with the traditional Pelion architecture with paved cobbled streets and stone bridges.

Evgenia  beside an old bridge with many trees in Tsagaranda Pelion Greece.
Me at Tsagarada Old Bridge

The villages are built amongst forests with tall beeches, plane trees, chestnuts, oaks, pines, and crops with olives and apples at lower altitudes, and in many cases, streams are running around. Pelion is ideal for hiking, climbing, canyoning, or any other outdoor activity you can think of.

How Well Do You Know the Greek Orthodox Religion?

Byzantine Monastery of Hosios Loukas

1. What is the primary language used in Greek Orthodox liturgy?

  • a) Latin
  • b) Greek
  • c) English
  • d) Hebrew

2. Which significant holiday commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ in the Greek Orthodox Church?

  • a) Christmas
  • b) Epiphany
  • c) Easter (Pascha)
  • d) Pentecost

3. Who is the spiritual leader of the Greek Orthodox Church?

  • a) The Pope
  • b) The Archbishop of Canterbury
  • c) The Ecumenical Patriarch
  • d) The Dalai Lama

4. What is the Greek Orthodox term for the Holy Communion?

  • a) Eucharist
  • b) Baptism
  • c) Chrismation
  • d) Confession

5. What is the Greek Orthodox period of fasting and prayer leading up to Easter called?

  • a) Advent
  • b) Great Lent
  • c) Ramadan
  • d) Yom Kippur


  1. b) Greek
  2. c) Easter (Pascha)
  3. c) The Ecumenical Patriarch
  4. a) Eucharist
  5. b) Great Lent

Read More About Pelion Villages

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About the author
Evgenia Mataragka
Hi! I am an Athens-based Greek obsessed with exploring Greece and bringing you the best travel experience ever!

2 thoughts on “The Remarkable Black Orthodox Saints Icon in Milies Pelion”

  1. Wow this is really making me want to go there. The church is amazing! The hiking around there must be incredible. I can imagine the old cobbled trails through the forest. Nice shot of you at the bridge!


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